Many journalists and media workers have been killed in South East and Central Europe, the region covered by SEEMO. In most cases the journalists were killed because of the work, many of them investigating corruption or other illegal activities. In some cases we have political reason for the killing. Only in few cases the killing of a journalist or a media worker has nothing to do with the job and the killing was the result of private reasons or family problems. Journalists have been killed also as reports in the wars in former Yugoslavia between 1991 and 1999. Russian reporters Viktor Nogin and Gennadiy Kurinnoy were shot in Croatia in 1991, David Kaplan from ABC News was struck by a sniper’s bullet near the Airport Sarajevo. In many cases still today is open who ordered the killing. Investigations are slowly and many questions are open like in three cases in Serbia – the murder of Dada Vujasinović in 1994, Slavko Ćuruvija in 1999 and Milan Pantić in 2001. Shefki Popova, a Kosova journalist was killed in 2000 . During the NATO-bombing of the Radio Television of Serbia (RTS) headquarters in Belgrade in 1999 sixteen employees were killed – RTS was broadcasting ultra-nationalist and war propaganda, especially against Kosovo-Albanians, but it was a clear attack on a media company. In this case also the Serbian Milosevic regime in the 90´ and RTS management in Spring 1999 was responsible – failing to evacuate the building. According to a SEEMO research over 120 reporters and media workers were killed during and after the 90´ wars in former Yugoslavia. Daphne Anne Caruana Galizia was a Maltese journalist, writer, and anti-corruption activist killed in SEEMO member-state Malta in 2017. Only in 2018 in the SEEMO region three journalists or media workers have been killed: Jan Kuciak (Slovakia), Jamal Kashoggi (Turkey) and Victoria Marinova (Bulgaria). In the case of Marinova her killing was unconnected to her work – it was a sexual assault apparently carried out at random. The Russian journalist Maksim Borodin died 2018 in suspicious circumstances in Ekaterinburg (Russia).
In this section we will present a list of journalists killed in the SEEMO region till today.
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