Silvija Luks (1944-1923)

New Tendencies on the Far–Right Scene in the Western Balkans. Mainstreaming the Extreme

November 7, 2022 disabled comments

Workshop: 18 November 2022 Sarajevo

The research aims to analyze and map the far-right-wing groups´ development
tendencies and behavior shifts in the Western Balkans.

It targets to describe and introduce the new portfolio and face of the ultra-right wing
emerging in different forms to address broader public and potential voters. Namely, the research will take a closer look at environmental, cultural, charity and church-related activities, vigilantism, and paramilitary activities as well as cross-border activities of the groups.

Rather than providing an overview of the far right-groups in each country, the objective
is to map the phenomenon of change in the far-right wing image and tendencies across the region. This will be done through examples of particular groups and case studies of the chosen organizations.

The research will analyze possible consequences of the growing influence of the farright wing, following the shift in activities from extremist to more normative, regarding EU and NATO enlargement processes in Western Balkans.


RESEARCHERS:
Mr Dalibor SAVIĆ, University Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Center for Security Analysis and Prevention in Prague, Czech Republic
Mr Dimitar NIKOLOVSKI, EUROTHINK, Centre for European Strategies, North Macedonia
Mr Balša LUBARDA, Centre for Analysis of the Radical Right, Montenegro
Mr Richard STRAKA, CAMR – Center for Analysis, Monitoring and Reporting, Slovakia

More: info@seemo.org

6 October 2022: International Press Freedom Groups Condemn Turkey

October 6, 2022 disabled comments

Vienna 6 October 2022
International Press Freedom Groups Condemn Turkey Disinformation Bill Placed before Parliament

Law designed to criminalise free flow of information

Twenty one international media freedom, freedom of expression and journalists’ organisations call on Members of Parliament (MPs) to vote against the bill on “disinformation and fake news,” which was submitted to parliament’s General Assembly on October 4 by the governing alliance of the Justice and Development Party (AKP) and the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP).

The bill, which was first submitted to parliament in June before being postponed after the commission stages due to alleged differences between the two governing parties, has been resubmitted this week without any amendments despite fierce criticism from across civil society and the journalistic community.

The bill provides a framework for extensive censorship of online information and the criminalisation of journalism, which will enable the government to further subdue and control public debate in the leadup to Turkey’s general elections in 2023.

The proposed bill provides for:

-Up to three years imprisonment for those found guilty of deliberately publishing “disinformation and fake news” intended to instigate fear or panic, endanger the country’s internal or external security, public order and general health of Turkey’s society.

-An increase of any sentence by 50 percent where the information has been published from anonymous accounts, by someone concealing their identity, or as part of an organisation’s activities.

-The expansion of the press law to include online news sites. This will enable the government to use the expanded role of the Press Advertising Agency, Basin Ilan Kurumu (BIK), to fund online propaganda while excluding critical outlets as has been applied in the print media.

The bill, with its vaguely formulated definition of disinformation and ‘intent’, overseen by Turkey’s highly politicised judiciary, will put millions of internet users at risk of criminal sanction and could lead to blanket censorship and self-censorship in the run up to the 2023 elections.

A consortium of media freedom and human rights organisations will be visiting Turkey 12 to 14 October to discuss the consequences of the disinformation bill with politicians and media stakeholders, as well as the challenges facing independent journalists in reporting public affairs in accordance with the principles of free and fair elections.

Signed by:

International Press Institute (IPI)

ARTICLE 19

Articolo 21

Association of European Journalists

Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ)

Danish PEN

English PEN

European Centre for Press and Media Freedom (ECPMF)

European Federation of Journalists (EFJ)

Freedom House

IFEX

International Federation of Journalists (IFJ)

Osservatorio Balcani Caucaso Transeuropa (OBCT)

PEN America

PEN International

PEN Norway

P24 Platform for Independent Journalism

Reporters Without Borders (RSF)

South East Europe Media Organisation (SEEMO)

Swedish PEN

The Coalition For Women In Journalism (CFWIJ)

________________________________________

TURKISH TRANSLATION:

Uluslararası Basın Özgürlüğü Grupları Türkiye’de Meclise Sunulan Dezenformasyon Yasa Tasarısını Kınadı

Serbest bilgi akışını suç haline getirmek için tasarlanmış bir yasa

Yirmi uluslararası medya özgürlüğü, ifade özgürlüğü ve gazeteci örgütü, milletvekillerine Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi (AKP) ve Milliyetçi Hareket Partisi (MHP) iktidar ittifakı tarafından 4 Ekim’de TBMM Genel Kurulu’na sunulan “dezenformasyon ve yalan haber” yasa tasarısına karşı oy kullanmaları çağrısında bulundu.

İlk olarak Haziran ayında meclise sunulan ancak iki iktidar partisi arasındaki görüş ayrılıkları nedeniyle komisyon aşamasından sonra ertelenen tasarı, sivil toplum ve gazetecilik camiasından gelen sert eleştirilere rağmen bu hafta hiçbir değişiklik yapılmadan yeniden meclis genel kuruluna sunuldu.

Tasarı, Türkiye’de 2023 yılında yapılacak genel seçimler öncesinde hükümetin kamusal tartışmayı daha da bastırmasına ve kontrol etmesine olanak sağlayacak şekilde, çevrimiçi bilginin kapsamlı bir şekilde sansürlenmesi ve habercilik faaliyetlerinin kriminalize edilmesi için bir çerçeve sunuyor.

Tasarı şunları öngörmektedir

– Korku veya panik yaratmak, ülkenin iç veya dış güvenliğini, kamu düzenini ve toplumun genel sağlığını tehlikeye atmak amacıyla kasıtlı olarak “dezenformasyon ve yalan haber” yayınlamaktan suçlu bulunan kişiler için üç yıla kadar hapis cezası.

– Bilginin anonim hesaplardan, kimliğini gizleyen bir kişi tarafından ya da bir örgütün faaliyetlerinin bir parçası olarak yayınlanması durumunda cezanın yüzde 50 oranında artırılması.

– Basın kanununun internet haber sitelerini de kapsayacak şekilde genişletilmesi. Bu sayede hükümet, Basın İlan Kurumu’nun (BİK) genişletilmiş rolünü kullanarak, yazılı basında olduğu gibi eleştirel yayın organlarını dışlarken, internet üzerinden propagandayı finanse edebilecek.

Muğlak bir ifade ile oluşturulmuş olan dezenformasyon ve ‘kasıt’ tanımlarıyla, Türkiye’nin son derece siyasallaşmış yargısı tarafından denetlenen tasarı, milyonlarca internet kullanıcısını da cezai yaptırım riskiyle karşı karşıya bırakacak ve 2023 seçimleri öncesinde kapsamlı bir sansüre ve otosansüre yol açabilecektir. .

Medya özgürlüğü ve insan hakları örgütlerinden oluşan bir konsorsiyum, dezenformasyon yasa tasarısının sonuçlarını siyasetçiler ve medya paydaşlarıyla tartışmak ve bağımsız gazetecilerin özgür ve adil seçim ilkelerine uygun olarak kamu meselelerini haberleştirmede karşılaştıkları zorlukları ele almak üzere 12-14 Ekim tarihleri arasında Türkiye’yi ziyaret edecek.

İmzalayanlar:

Amerika PEN

Article 19

Articolo 21

Avrupa Basın ve Medya Özgürlüğü Merkezi (ECPMF)

Avrupa Gazeteciler Derneği (AEJ)

Avrupa Gazeteciler Federasyonu (EFJ)

Bağımsız Gazetecilik Platformu P24

Danimarka PEN

Gazetecileri Koruma Komitesi (CPJ)

Gazetecilikte Kadınlar Koalisyonu (CFWIJ)

Güneydoğu Avrupa Medya Kurumu (SEEMO)

Norveç PEN

Osservatorio Balcani Caucaso Transeuropa (OBCT)

Sınır Tanımayan Gazeteciler (RSF)

Uluslararası Gazeteciler Federasyonu (IFJ)

Uluslararası PEN

Uluslararası İfade Hürriyeti (IFEX)

Özgürlük Evi (FH)

İngiltere PEN

İsveç PEN

July 2022: Maja Sever, the first woman EFJ President

September 24, 2022 disabled comments

Journalist Maja Sever (born in 1971) is the new president of the European Federation of Journalists (EFJ). Maja works since 1995 for the Croatian public broadcaster HRT, was member of the Croatian radio television Program Council from 2015-19. and is President of Trade Union of Croatian Journalist

European Media Freedom Act – Joint Statement by Press Freedom Organisations

September 18, 2022 disabled comments

Vienna, 16 September 2022

The South East Europe Media Organisation (SEEMO) today joins the undersigned journalists’, media freedom, and human rights organisations in welcoming the European Commission’s initiative to strengthen the free and pluralistic media system and the commitment to protect journalists and editorial independence within the European Union.

These values directly link to fundamental rights, such as freedom of expression, the right to access to information, the formation of opinion, and making informed choices in elections, as enshrined in the Charter of Fundamental Rights.

Matters relating to the media have traditionally been the competence of member states, however such is the threat posed to media freedom that an EU wide action has become necessary to protect Europe’s democratic values.

Therefore we support the European Media Freedom Act (EMFA) which breaks significant new ground in our efforts to protect media freedom in Europe. The EMFA has identified many of the key issues where the EU and member states must urgently act in order to protect media freedoms. This statement of intent, alone, is very welcome.

However, if the EMFA is to become effective in the struggle to guarantee media pluralism, to protect journalists’ rights and ensure editorial independence from the impact of vested commercial and political interests, it should strengthen efforts to increase the transparency in media ownership with clear rules instead of soft-law Recommendations; introduce rules governing all financial relations between the state and media and removing the limit on state advertising transparency for over one million inhabitants; guarantee the independence of national regulators as well as the independence of the European Board for Media Services; and should expand measures against surveillance of journalists and ensure a general guarantee for the protection of sources.

The undersigned organisations look forward to continuing to engage with the institutions of the European Union to ensure that the text of the European Media Freedom Act is as robust and effective as possible and helps provide a foundation for generations of journalists to come.

Signed:

Association of European Journalists (AEJ)

Civil Liberties Union for Europe (Liberties)

Coalition for Creativity (C4C)

Committee to Protect Journalists

European Centre for Press and Media Freedom (ECPMF)

European Federation of Journalists (EFJ)

Free Press Unlimited (FPU)

Global Forum for Media Development (GFMD)

Index on Censorship

International Press Institute (IPI)

Media Diversity Institute, Belgium (MDI)

OBC Transeuropa (OBCT)

Ossigeno.info

Reporters WIthout Borders (RSF)

Society of Journalists, Warsaw

South East Europe Media Organisation (SEEMO)

The Daphne Caruana Galizia Foundation

Transparency International EU

World Association Community Radio Broadcasters (AMARC Europe)